Biography of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_Black_Prince_Plantagenet_Prince_Wales_1330-1376

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 17 Mar 1337 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was appointed as Duke Cornwall

On 12 May 1343 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was appointed as Prince Wales

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was appointed 1st Knight Garter: Founder

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 defeated the French army at the Battle of Crecy.The English army was commanded by Edward III King England 1312-1377, his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360.
The English army was included: James Audley 1318-1369, Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369, Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361, John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347, Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350, Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403, William Scrope 1325-1367, Stephen Scrope 1325-, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360, Nicholas Longford 1288-1356, Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375, Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings 1318-1369, Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360, Thomas West 1312-1386, John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349, John Wingfield 1320-1361, Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376, John Devereux 1302-1346, Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369, Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 and John Sully 1283-1388.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 was wounded. Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346, Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon -1346, Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders 1304-1346, William Guines 1313-1346 and his son Enguerrand Guines 1313-1346, John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 and Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 were killed.

Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay -1348 ) and Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 took part in the Tournament..

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea, Sussex during the Battle of Winchelsea.Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk.For the English Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, James Audley 1318-1369, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and John Sully 1283-1388 fought.

Battle of Bordeaux

On 13 Jan 1356 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton 1335-1390 fought at Bordeaux during the Battle of Bordeaux

Battle of Poitiers

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 at the Battle of Poitiers. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 was captured.
The the English army included: James Audley 1318-1369, Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369, Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361, Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375, Ralph Ferrers 1329-1392, William Scrope 1325-1367, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375, Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369, William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360, John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1323-1372, Thomas Arderne 1337-1391, Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369, Richard Pembridge 1320-1375, Jean Grailly 1331-1376 and John Sully 1283-1388. Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 protected the baggage train..
he French and Scottish army included: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364, Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404, Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393, Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas 1329-1400, John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu 1321-1387; all captured.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 and William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 fought. Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 was killed..

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England 1312-1377 were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Walter Mauny were present.Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England 1312-1377 believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.
Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360 , three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England 1312-1377 and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364, and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380, ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 was ransomed.The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England 1312-1377 including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 were married. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 by marriage Prince Wales.

On 27 Jan 1365 Edward Plantagenet 1365-1370 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 at Château d'Angouleme, Angouleme

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 at Bordeaux

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera.The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399, John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-, William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405, John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379.The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380.The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 escaped.

On 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 died of dysentery at Westminster Palace, Westminster..

After 08 Jun 1376 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent

Simon Burley 1336-1388 raised with Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376

Ancestry

Father: Edward III King England

GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England