Biography of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Timeline

In 1443 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk

On 30 Sep 1472 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 were married

In 1473 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

In 1476 Edward Howard 1476-1513 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Around 1478 Edmund Howard 1478-1539 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster.She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476.The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Cecily.The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

In 1480 Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

In 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed as Privy Council

In 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed 222nd Knight Garter: Richard III

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk 1443-1509 held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.

On 25 Jul 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry REF(PE0$CC$7145), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine REF(TH0$CC$3749), with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees.By p.s.

On 22 Aug 1485 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 by marriage Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston 1433-1495
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.

Richard III King England 1452-1485 was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485, Robert Mortimer 1442-1485, Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485, Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

In 1489 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was restored 1st Earl Surrey (3C 1483). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 by marriage Earl Surrey (3C 1483).

Yorkshire Rebellion

On 28 Apr 1489 Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 was hanged at York, Yorkshire by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax.The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524.The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason.The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- as their leader.His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.

On 17 Aug 1497 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 were married. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 by marriage Earl Surrey (3C 1483).

Around 1499 Catherine Howard Countess Bridgewater 1499- was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Death of Prince Arthur

On 23 Apr 1502 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 's funeral was held at St Laurence's Church, Ludlow, Shropshire presided over by William Smyth Bishop Lincoln 1460-1514. George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505, George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538, Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent 1481-1524, John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis 1485-1504 and Richard Pole 1462-1504 attended. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was Chief Mourner. Edward Howard 1476-1513 and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 carried The Canopy.

Marriage of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor

On 08 Aug 1503 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 and Margaret Tudor were married at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 were present.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

In 1510 William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554, Edmund Howard 1478-1539, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518.
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523, William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524, Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530. Randall Babington -1513, John Bigod 1475-1513 and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 were killed.
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545, William Constable, George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston -1558, Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550, Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 was knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554.
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties. James IV King Scotland 1473-1513, Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513, Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513, James Traquair 1480-1513, Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513, Robert Douglas 1424-1513, William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513, George Douglas 1469-1513, William Douglas 1471-1513, John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513, Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513, John Erskine -1513, William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513, Thomas Hay -1513, Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513, George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513, Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513, Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513, John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513, William Murray 1470-1513, Colin Oliphant -1513, William Ruthven -1513, George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513, Henry 03 Lord Sinclair -1513, John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513, David Home 1491-1513 and William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 were killed.
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 fought.

In 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed as Earl Marshal

In 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 arranged Mary Tudor's marriage to Louis XII of France

On 01 Feb 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was restored 2nd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483).Some documentation describes this as a creation rather than restoration although he is always referred to as 2nd. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 by marriage Duke Norfolk (3C 1483).

On 01 May 1517 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 suppressed Evil May Day riots at London

Sacking of Morlaix

On 01 Jul 1522 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was present at Morlaix during the Sacking of Morlaix. Giles Hussey 1495- was knighted by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524.

After 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk

After 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was reburied at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk

On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk

On 16 Jun 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed as Lord High Treasurer

Muriel Howard Viscountess Lisle was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Elizabeth Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Charles Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

John Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Richard Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Anne Howard Countess Oxford was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Thomas Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Richard Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Dorothy Howard Countess Derby was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545

Henry Howard was born to Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 and Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497

Ancestry

Father: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485

GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437

Great GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437

Great Great GrandFather: Robert Howard 1336-1338

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Scales

Great GrandMother: Alice Tendring

GrandMother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459

Great GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399

Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385

Mother: Katherine Moleyns