Biography of John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Timeline

In 1425 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was born to Robert Howard 1385-1437 and Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459

Before 29 Sep 1442 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns were married

In 1443 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk

In 1445 Margaret Howard 1445-1484 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

In 1446 Anne Howard 1446-1474 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns in Tendring, Essex

In 1450 Jane Howard 1450-1481 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

Before 22 Jan 1467 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 were married

In 1468 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord Treasurer

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured.Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 was beheaded at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

On 24 Apr 1472 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed 207th Knight Garter: Edward IV

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 600. !Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 returned to England.

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster.She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476.The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Cecily.The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 19 Nov 1481 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 succeeded 12th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 13th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494 by marriage Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1544 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 were pall-bearers.

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 to their rightful inheritance.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk 1443-1509 held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston 1433-1495
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.

Richard III King England 1452-1485 was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485, Robert Mortimer 1442-1485, Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485, Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was reburied at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine

Katherine Howard Baroness Berners -1536 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Margaret Chedworth Baroness Mowbray, Baroness Segrave 1436-1494

Nicholas Howard -1468 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

Isabel or Elizabeth Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

Ancestry

Father: Robert Howard 1385-1437

GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437

Great GrandFather: Robert Howard 1336-1338

Great Great GrandFather: John Howard 1276-1331

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Cornwall

Great GrandMother: Margaret Scales

Great Great GrandFather: Roger Scales 3rd Baron Scales -1369

Great Great GrandMother: Catherine Ufford Baroness Scales 1317-

GrandMother: Alice Tendring

Mother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459

GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399

Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368

Great Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray 1312-1349

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray

Great Great GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave 1315-1353

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399

GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425

Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385

Great Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356