Biography of Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Woodville

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Great x 6 Grand Daughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Timeline

Around 1437 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 and Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire

Around 1454 John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were married

In 1455 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

In 1457 Richard Grey 1457-1483 was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471.The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491.The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire. Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472, Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 were appointed Knight of the Bath..

On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York 1467-1482 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Edward V born in Sanctuary

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward VI and Elizabeth Woodville in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster.His father was abroad in Flanders.His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.

On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York 1475-1511 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York 1479-1527 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York 1480-1517 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 died at Westminster.Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501.

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501.Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 was with her.

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk 1443-1509 held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.

Richard III Secures Elizabeth Woodville's Daughters

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

Christening of Arthur Prince of Wales

On 24 Sep 1486 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 was christened at Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire. Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 held held the child.His godparents included Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 and Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507. Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 was present.( Christening of Arthur Prince of Wales ).

On 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 died at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey

After 08 Jun 1492 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Anne Grey was born to John Grey 1432-1461 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

Funeral of Edward IV

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was moved to St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503 sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, offered on the Queen's behalf.

Ancestry

Father: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441

Great GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp

Great Great GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396

Mother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433

Great GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397

Great Great GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371

Great Great GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373

Great GrandMother: Margaret Brienne

GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469

Great GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

Great GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430

Great Great GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count

Great Great GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran