1390-1399-Henry IV Takes the English Crown
St George's Day Jousting
On 23 May 1390, St George's Day, a Jousting Tournament was held at London Bridge. David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford so easily unhorsed the King's Champion John Welles 5th Baron Welles as to make the crowd suspect Lindsay of foul play by fastening himself to his saddle.To prove the crowd wrong David Lindsay 1st Earl Crawford leapt from his horse in full armour, then back again.Realising John Welles 5th Baron Welles was injured he rushed to his aid.He visited Welles every day until he recovered.The two became firm friends.
Death of Anne of Bohemia
On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace.
Funeral of Anne of Bohemia
On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York presiding. Richard II King England attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.
Richard II Travels to Ireland
In Oct 1394 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with William Hankford.
Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois
On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England were married.The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six.The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown.
Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey
Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms
On 29 Sep 1397 Richard II King England awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel. John Holland 1st Duke Exeter was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey was created 1st Duke Surrey.
Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland
In 1398 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
Richard II's Last Will
Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland
In May 1399 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
Henry IV lands at Ravenspur
On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire, Henry Green and John Bussy to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England.
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England landed at Ravenspur with Thomas Rempston
Execution of Richard II's Favourites
On 29 Jul 1399 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire, Henry Green and John Bussy were beheaded at Bristol Castle
Richard II Abdication
On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle..
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle..
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present..
Coronation of Henry IV
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham carried a Sword..
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford, John Arundell and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York attended.