1320-1329-Despencer War

Declaration of Arbroath

On 06 Apr 1320 fifty-one Scottish magnates signed a letter to Pope John XXII declaring Scotland to be an independent sovereign state.The signatories included Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox.

Siege of Leeds Castle

In Oct 1321 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England was returning from Canterbury to London.She sought accommodation at Leeds Castle which was under the protection of Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere the wife of Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere refused entry to the Queen killing around six of her retinue when they tried to force entry. Edward II King England commenced the Siege of Leeds Castle.Once Edward II King England gained possession of the castle, he had the garrison hanged from the battlements. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere, her five children, and Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh, her nephew, were imprisoned in the Tower of London.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge.Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle. Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere, Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford, Nicholas Longford, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray were captured. Warin Lisle hanged after the battle..
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester were both imprisoned.He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton, Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke, William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby, Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar and Peter Saltmarsh fought for the King.

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

Trial and Execution of Lord Badlesmere

Despencer War Executions

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester was beheaded at Pontefract Castle .

On 23 Mar 1322 Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford and John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray were hanged at York .

Return of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer

In Oct 1326 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England landed at Orford with Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March, John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers and Nicholas Abrichecourt .

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 Edward III King England was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury..

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 Edward II King England was murdered at Berkeley Castle.There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all.Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe..

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England were married at York Minster .

Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet and Beatrice Mortimer were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke and Agnes Mortimer were married. Edward III King England and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March..

Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March was created 1st Earl March (1C 1328) by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II..