1260-1269-Second Baron's War
Battle of Northampton
On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 and Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 fought for the King at Northampton Castle, Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton.Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 who was captured.
On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.
Battle of Lewes
On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295, Henry Hastings 1235-1269 and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272, his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272, John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, John Balliol 1207-1268, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295, Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King.Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.
Prince Edward's Escape from Kenilworth Castle
Battle of Evesham
Battle of Chesterfield
On 15 May 1266 Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 and John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 fought for the King at Chesterfield, Derbyshire during the Battle of Chesterfield. Henry Hastings 1235-1269, John Clinton, Roger Mandeville, John Eyvil, Baldwin Wake 1238-1282 all fought on the rebel side.The rebel Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 was captured.
Dictum of Kenilworth
On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued.The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire. The committee included:
Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280
Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275
Philip Basset 1184-1271
John Balliol 1207-1268
Alan Zouche 1203-1270
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273, and
Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.
Surrender of Kenilworth
Statute of Marlborough