1130-1154 Anarchy

Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy, daughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England, his only remaining legitimate child, and Stephen I King England, son of Adela Normandy Count Blois (daughter of William the Conqueror), waged war over the succession.

Coronation of Stephen

On 22 Dec 1135 Stephen I King England was crowned I King England: Blois at Westminster Abbey

Battle of the Standard aka Northallerton

Massacre at Vitry-le-François

In 1142 the forces of Louis VII King Franks seized Vitry-le-François. Over 1000 residents were killed when the church in which they had sought protection was set on fire.

First Battle of Lincoln

On 02 Feb 1141 the army of Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy commanded by Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester defeated the army of Stephen I King England.Matilda's army included Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester and Madog ap Maredudd Mathrafal Prince Powys. Stephen I King England, Gilbert Gaunt 1st Earl Lincoln, William "The Younger" Peverell and Ilbert Lacy 3rd Baron Lacy were captured. William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale fought for Stephen, his cousin.

Louis and Eleanor's Marriage Dissolved

On 11 Mar 1152 the marriage of Louis VII King Franks and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks was dissolved by Hugh Toucy Archbishop Sens in Beaugency, Loiret on the grounds of consanguinity.Both Louis and Eleanor were present as were the Archbishops of Rouen and Bordeaux. Samson Mauvoison Archbishop Reims acted on behalf of Eleanor.In dissolving the marriage Louis lost control of the Duchy of Aquitaine which was to have far reaching consequences for the next three centuries.

Theobald of Blois attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 21 Mar 1152 Theobald "Good" Blois V Count Blois attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks from Blois who fled in the middle of the night taking a barge to Tours.

Geoffrey of Anjou attempts to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine

Around 26 Mar 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes attempted to abduct Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks from Port de Piles, Vienne where she intended to cross the River Creuse.Once again Eleanor escaped.

Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers.They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis.The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England ; once conquered.

Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

Henry II Sails to England

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England submit to Henry's authority.

Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England arrived at Wallingford Castle to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England had commenced in 1152.

Eustace of Blois Dies

On 17 Aug 1153 King Stephen's eldest son Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne died at Bury St Edmunds.Probably from food poisoning, possibly murdered for having sacked the Abbey.

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Stephen I King England agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England.The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy, and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

Louis VII marries Constance of Castile

In 1154 Louis VII King Franks and Constance Ivrea were married in Orleans.Somewhat curiously they were more closely related than Louis VII King Franks and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks whose married had been annulled for that reason.

Death of King Stephen

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England died at Priory of St Martin.

Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England, the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.

Henry II Lands Southampton

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and his party landed near Southampton.

Coronation of Henry and Eleanor

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury presided.

Henry II travels to Normandy

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England crossed from Dover to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres.Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers

Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England paid homage to Louis VII King Franks for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine.

Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks were reunited in Saumur.

Louis VII marries Adela of Blois

On 13 Nov 1160 Louis VII King Franks and Adèle Blois were married a month or so after his second wife had died in childbirth; Louis needed an heir.

Henry II and Louis II make Peace

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England and Louis VII King Franks met at Fréteval and made peace.