11 Jul 1469 Calais: Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

Edward IV King England's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville caused Warwick The Kingmaker to change sides from York to Lancaster. It isn't clear why he did so.

Before the announcement of Edward's marriage at the Privy Council in 1464 Warwick &had been negotiating with the French for Edward to marry a French princess which implies he wasn't considering either of his two daughters for marriage to Edward IV - even a daughter of an Earl isn't sufficiently noble for the wife of a King. English Kings traditionally married Princesses from France and Spain.

In Jul 1469 Warwick married his eldest daughter Isabel to King Edward IV's brother George Duke of Clarence. He had requested Edward approve this marriage previously without success - a younger brother married to the heiress of Warwick would be too powerful. Now he proceeded without Edward IV's authorisation.

George Neville Archbishop York [37] presided Isabel

George York 1st Duke Clarence [20] married at Église Notre-Dame de Calais Isabel Neville 1st Duchess Clarence

Isabel Neville 1st Duchess Clarence [18] by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461)

Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury [41] present

26 Jul 1469 Danes Moor (Oxfordshire): Battle of Edgecote Moor

Lancaster Warwick the Kingmaker

a 26 Jul 1469 Olney: Capture of Edward IV

Edward IV King England was captured at Olney. Warwick, though, was unable to rule without him released Edward on 10 Sep 1469.

12 Aug 1469 Kenilworth: Execution of the Woodvilles

Although Richard "Kingmaker" was unable to rule without Edward IV King England he did ensure his rivals the Woodville's were eliminated from power during Edward's house arrest at Middleham Castle.

Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers [64] beheaded

John Woodville [24] beheaded at Kenilworth Castle

29 Sep 1469 York: Execution of the Neville Brothers

The Neville brothers had been staunch Lancastrians, rebelling in the North.

Edward IV King England [27] witnessed

Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury [41] present

Charles Neville beheaded

Humphrey of Brancepeth Neville [30] beheaded

1470 Lincolnshire: Welles' Rebellion

The Welles' rebellion was a Lincolnshire uprising fomented by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury and George York 1st Duke Clarence.

Mar 1470 Richard 7th Baron Welles [42] executed at Queen's Cross (Stamford)

19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby beheaded at Doncaster

12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke [42] beheaded at Queen's Cross (Stamford)

12 Mar 1470 Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

A rout rather than a battle insofar as the Lincolnshire rebels fled the field as soon as battle was engaged.

20 Mar 1470 Battle of Nibley Green

A local inheritance disagreement in Gloucestershire rather than a national battle. Lisle challenged Berkeley to battle. Berkeley's superior force easily routed Lisle's local tenants; Lisle lost his life.

22 Jul 1470 Angers Cathedral: Angers Agreement

Warwick, now firmly opposed to King Edward IV, agreed with Margaret of Anjou (King Henry VI's wife) that he, Warwick, would invade England and Warwick's youngest daughter Anne would marry King Henry VI's and Margaret's son Edward of Westminster.

At Angers Cathedral Margaret is reported to have kept Warwick on his knees for a full twenty minutes before responding to him. Warwick was, after all, the cause of her husband being challenged for the throne. He had much to apologise for.

Louis "Father of the People" XI King France [47] arranged

Henry VI King England, II King France [49] signed

Margaret of Anjou Valois-Anjou Queen Consort England [40] signed

25 Jul 1470 Edward of Westminster Lancaster Prince Wales [17] betrothed to Anne

Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury [42] signed

03 Oct 1470 Re-adeption of Henry VI

Henry VI was re-adepted, or restored, to the crown of England. Henry was at this time affected by his long standing illness; he had to be led by the hand during his parade through London. It didn't last long. Six months after the re-adeption Edward IV landed at Ravenspur and, after the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, was restored to the throne.

Henry VI King England, II King France [49] readepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster

13 Dec 1470 Angers Cathedral: Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

Anne Neville Queen Consort England [14] appointed Princess Wales

Edward of Westminster Lancaster Prince Wales [17] married Anne Neville Queen Consort England

14 Mar 1471 Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

Edward IV King England [29] landed

William 1st Baron Hastings [40] landed

14 Apr 1471 Battle of Barnet

George Duke of Clarence's defection to Lancaster was short-lived. Anne Neville's marriage to Edward of Westminster rather put George's marriage to Isabel Neville in the shade. Any hopes of Kingship were clearly second now to Edward of Westminster. George received and accepted an offer of reconciliation from King Edward IV.

Warwick "Kingmaker" was relying on George to add to his already large army. In the event George supported York. Even so Warwick's army was considerably larger than King Edward's.

The battle was fought in mist; visibility was poor. At one point during the battle an incident of friendly fire was perceived as treachery resulting in a large contingent leaving the field. King Edward IV took full advantage of the confusion.

Warwick "Kingmaker" was killed, as was his brother John. Their bodies were displayed in St Paul's Cathedral for three days then buried in Bisham Abbey.

William Tyrrell killed

Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth

Margaret of Anjou Valois-Anjou Queen Consort England [41]

04 May 1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

The final battle of the second war of the Wars of the Roses. The death of Edward of Westminster, the capture of Margaret of Anjou and the subsequent, three weeks later, murder of Henry VI all but ended the House of Lancaster.

King Edward IV was now secure; the House of Lancaster was extinct in the male line.


Margaret of Anjou Valois-Anjou Queen Consort England [41] captured

Edward of Westminster Lancaster Prince Wales [18] killed

Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset [32] beheaded

John 15th Earl Devon [36] killed

John 1st Baron Wenlock [71] killed

Hugh Courtenay [44] beheaded

John Beaufort [30] killed

Humphrey Tuchet [37] captured

Thomas Arundell [17]

John Arundell [50]

06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton [66] beheaded

21 May 1471 Tower of London: Death of Henry VI

After the defining Battle of Tewkesbury there was little left of the Lancastrian cause. King Henry VI's son Edward of Westminster had been killed. Henry's wife Margaret captured. Its not clear whether Henry VI was murdered by Edward or died of natural causes. He was in his fifties. Most of the second half of his reign had been spent either captured or in a catatonic state. The House of Lancaster expired in the male line.

Henry VI King England, II King France [50] murdered at Wakefield Tower

26 Jun 1471 Edward created Prince of Wales

Edward V King England [1] appointed Prince Wales

Thomas Vaughan [61] knighted

12 Jul 1472 St Stephen's Chapel: Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

Richard Duke of York, King Edward's youngest brother, future King Richard III married Anne Neville Queen Consort England who had been widowed a year before at the Battle of Tewkesbury (her husband Edward of Westminster Lancaster Prince Wales having killed).

Unfortunately this brought Richard into competition with his older brother George who had enjoyed the whole of the inheritance of Richard Neville ""Kingmaker""; Richard was now entitled to half.

Margaret was imprisoned first in Wallingford Castle, then the Tower of London. Eventually, in 1475, she was ransomed by King Louis XI. She spent the last seven years of her life living in relative obscurity.

Richard III King England [20] married Anne Neville Queen Consort England

Anne Neville Queen Consort England [16] by marriage 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461)

29 Aug 1475 Treaty of Picquigny

Cardinal Thomas Bourchier [57] arbitrated



29 Jul 1476 St Mary and All Saints (Fotheringay): Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York, and Edward of Norwich

The apotheosis of the reign of the House of York. King Edward IV's father and younger brother had both been killed at the Battle of Wakefield, Dec 1460, their heads displayed on Micklegate Bar (York) as seen by Edward of York as he triumphantly entered York after the Battle of Towton. King Edward IV had their remains buried at Fotheringay Church in full state.

Elizabeth I, who was descended from King Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth, queen consort of Henry VII, visited Fotheringay to find the tombs of her York ancestors exposed to the elements. She had the remains of Richard and Edmund, as well as that of Edward of Norwich (brother of Richard of Conisburgh, grand-father of King Edward IV) moved to new tombs inside the remaining part of Fotheringay Church.

Edward IV King England [34] attended

George York 1st Duke Clarence [27] attended

Richard 3rd Duke York [65] reburied

Edward of Norwich York 1st Duke Aumale, 2nd Duke York [103] reburied

Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset [21] attended

Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland [33] reburied

Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers [36] attended

William 1st Baron Hastings [45] attended

18 Feb 1478 Bowyer Tower: Execution of George Duke of Clarence

George Duke of Clarence's wife Isabel died on 22 Dec 1476 two months after giving birth to Richard who died young. George was convinced of foul play. Blaming Isabel's lady in waiting Ankarette Twynyho he had her arrested and executed.

George requested to marry Mary, Duchess of Burgundy. King Edward IV refused. George left court.

Implicated in a plot for King Edward's IV murder George continued to challenge Edward.

King Edward IV had George Duke of Clarence arrested, imprisoned in the Tower of London, and tried for treason. Found guilty George Duke of Clarence was privately executed, traditionally, by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine.

George's two children who survived to adulthood, Margaret and Edward, were both executed for being from the House of York. Edward, the last of the legitimate male Plantagenet line, was executed for his involvement in the Perkin Warbreck plot. The evidence was tenuous, and he had been in imprisoned in the Tower for most of his twenty four years. The Spanish were concerned that King Henry VII may be challenged by Edward discouraging them from allowing Prince Arthur to marry Catherine of Aragon. Henry's subsequent execution of Edward caused Catherine much angst believing it to be the reason for her many troubles. George's daughter Margaret's son Henry Pole was beheaded aged 24. Margaret was beheaded aged 67. All by Henry VIII.

George York 1st Duke Clarence [29] drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

15 Jan 1478 Elizabeth of York Queen Consort England [12] attended at St Stephen's Chapel

15 Jan 1478 Richard 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk [5] married at St Stephen's Chapel Anne Mowbray 5th Duchess Norfolk

15 Jan 1478 Cecily York [9] attended at St Stephen's Chapel

15 Jan 1478 Mary York [11] attended at St Stephen's Chapel

24 Aug 1482 Berwick on Tweed: Capture of Berwick

Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle [20] knighted by Richard III King England

09 Apr 1483 Westminster: Death of Edward IV

Edward IV King England [41] died

Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England [46] witnessed

Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset [28] witnessed

William 1st Baron Hastings [52] witnessed

20 Apr 1483 St Georges Chapel: Funeral of Edward IV

Edward IV King England [41]

Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York [60] celebrated the mass

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk [58] attended

02 Apr 1483 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln [21] Chief Mourner

Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle [21] pall-bearer

John VIII Savage [39] pallbearer