01 Sep 1327 Westminster Abbey: Coronation of Edward III

Edward III King England [15] crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

24 Jan 1328 York Minster: Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Edward III King England [16] married Philippa

19 Oct 1330 Nottingham Castle: Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

Some of Edward III's closest friends entered Nottingham Castle through secret tunnels, the bolted gate being opened from the inside by Edward, surprising Roger Mortimer and Isabella. Mortimer was arrested, despite the pleas of Isabella to show him mercy.

Edward III King England [18] arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March

Isabella Capet Queen Consort England [35] present

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March [43] captured

William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury [29] present

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [20] assisted

John of Hornby Neville [31] present

William Eland present

Geoffrey Mortimer [21] arrested

Second War of Scottish Independence

12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor

Balliol

Edward I King Scotland [49]

David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl [23]

Ralph 1st Earl Stafford [31]

Walter 1st Baron Manny [22]

Thomas 1st Baron Ughtred [40]

Bruce

Domhnall II Domnhall Earl Mar [39] killed

Robert Bruce killed

16 Dec 1332 Battle of Annan

Bruce

Robert II King Scotland [16]

John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray

Archibald Black Douglas [34]

Balliol

Edward I King Scotland [49]

25 Mar 1333 Battle of Durnock

England

Ralph 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland [43] commanded

Scotland

William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl [33] captured

19 Jul 1333 Berwick on Tweed: Battle of Halidon Hill

The Scottish were required to either give battle or surrender Berwick under the terms of the truce that had been agreed 28 June. Edward III took the high ground, literally, two miles north west of Berwick and waited for the Scots to attack him. The ground favoured the English. The Scottish schiltrons were unable to move in the marshy gound making them easy targets for the English archrers. The English won an overwhelming victory.

England

Edward III King England [21]

Henry de Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan [53]

Hugh 10th Earl Devon [30]

Hugh 9th Earl Devon [57]

Thomas of Brotherton Plantagenet 1st Earl Norfolk [33] commanded the right wing

John Sully [50]

John Neville [34] died

Scotland

David II King Scotland [9]

Kenneth de Moravia 4th Earl Sutherland killed

Hugh 4th Earl Ross [36] killed

Malcolm II Earl Lennox killed

William Black Douglas 1st Earl Atholl killed

Archibald Black Douglas [35] died

John of Daldon Stewart killed

James of Pierston Stewart [57] killed

John Stewart killed

Alan of Dreghorn Stewart killed

Alexander Bruce killed

30 Nov 1335 Battle of Culblean

Bruce

Balliol

David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl [26] killed

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

24 Jun 1340 Battle of Sluys

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [30]

Ralph 1st Earl Stafford [39]

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [30]

Thomas 2nd Baron Monthermer [39] died from wounds

Walter 1st Baron Manny [30]

Henry 1st Baron Scrope Masham [28]

John 2nd Baron Lisle [22]

William 4th Baron Latimer Corby [10]

John 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick [24]

Richard Pembridge

France

1342 Siege of Vannes

1342 Edward Despencer [32] killed

30 Sep 1342 Battle of Morlaix

France

Aug 1345 Battle of Bergerac

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [35] commanded

Walter 1st Baron Manny [35]

France

Henri Montigny captured

c Sep 1342 Hospital Chapel (Leicester Castle): Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

a 22 Sep 1345 Edward III King England [33] attended

a 22 Sep 1345 Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England [31] attended

a 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster [64] buried

21 Oct 1345 Battle of Auberoche

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [35]

Walter 1st Baron Manny [35]

France

17 Oct 1346 Durham: Battle of Neville's Cross

The Scottish, under the terms of the Auld Alliance, were required to invade England who had invaded France. After a stalemate the English longbowmen drew the numerically superior Scottish force to battle which quickly became a rout. A significant number of the Scottish nobility lost their lives. Neville’s Cross was to Scotland what Crecy, two months earlier, had been to the French. The Scottish King David II was captured and held by Edward III for eleven years. The future Scottish King Robert II fled the field.

Scotland

David II King Scotland [22] captured

John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray killed

William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl [46] captured

Neil of Carrick Bruce killed

12 Jul 1346 La Hogue: English Landing at Le Hogue

26 Aug 1346 Battle of Crecy

At which a numerically superior French army was destroyed by the advent of massed English longbowmen. The longbow wasn’t a new weapon but its use in massed ranks was a relatively recent invention first that had demonstrated its effectively at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298 and the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.

Edward III had ordered arrows in the hundreds of thousands prior to his campaign in France. Horses rather than men were the initial casualty with archers finishing off knights once their mount was incapacitated by their armour and the muddy terrain. In addition the English army deployed early cannon.

The French army were betrayed by their Genoese mercenary crossbowmen who fled the field in the absence of their pavise and, perhaps more importantly, by their indiscipline which resulted in repeated, unsuccessful, charges.

The immediate impact was the loss of a swathe of the French nobility, the longer term impact was the inability of the French to protect Calais which fell a year later and remained in English hands for two hundred years. Crecy, of course, the battle at which the seventeen year old eldest son of Edward III, the Prince of Wales, known as the “Black Prince”, won his spurs as well as the battle at which John, the Blind King of Bohemia, aged 65, charged to his death and whose motto “Ich Dien” and whose arms of three feathers were subsequently adopted by the Prince of Wales. Sadly the latter story is not, apparently, true.

France

John I King Bohemia [50] killed

Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine [26] killed

Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders [42] died

Louis Châtillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon killed

Charles Valois Count Alençon [49] died

Enguerrand Guines [33] killed

William Guines [33] killed

1346 Siege of Calais

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [36]

1346 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [33] commanded

John 2nd Baron Lisle [28]

England

William 2nd Baron Greystoke [25] present

1346 Richard Vache

France

09 Apr 1347 Tournament at Lichfield

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [17] attended

John 2nd Baron Lisle [29]

20 Jun 1347 Battle of La Roche-Derrien

Montfort

Thomas 1st Baron Dagworth [71]

Blois

Charles "Saint" Châtillon Duke Brittany [28] captured by Thomas 1st Baron Dagworth

13 Jan 1356 Battle of Bordeaux

France

20 Jan 1356 Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

Edward I King Scotland [73] surrended his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England

William 4th Baron Latimer Corby [26] present

19 Sep 1356 Battle of Poitiers

France and Scotland

France

John "The Good" II King France [37] captured

Peter Duke Bourbon [45] died

Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy [14] captured

Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon

John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu [35] wounded and captured

Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche [12] captured

Scotland

William Black Douglas 1st Earl Douglas [33]

Archibald "Grim" Black Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas [26] captured

a 10 Jul 1359 St Andrew's Church: Funeral of William Greystoke

Gilbert Welton Bishop Carlisle conducted

Thomas 1st Baron Musgrave [57] attended

Henry 1st Baron Scrope Masham [47] attended

Roger 5th Baron Clifford [26] attended

a 10 Jul 1539 William 2nd Baron Greystoke [218] buried

13 Apr 1360 Chartres: Black Monday Hailstorm

A freak weather event that occurred on Easter Monday at the commencement of the Siege of Chartres. Around one thousand of Edward's III soldiers and around six thousand horses were killed during a hailstorm. Believing it to be an Act of God Edward thereafter ceased hostilities and pursued the Treaty of Brétigny.

Edward III King England [48] present

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [30] present

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [50] present

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [50] present

Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [47] present

Walter Mauny present

Guy Beauchamp killed

24 Oct 1360 Treaty of Brétigny

Charles V King France [22] signed

Edward III King England [48] signed

Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy [18] ransomed

John Valois 1st Duke Berry [20] given as hostage

Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou [21] given as hostage

Breton War of Succession

29 Sep 1364 Battle of Auray

Miles of Bedale Stapleton [44] wounded

Montfort

John Montfort V Duke Brittany [25]

William 4th Baron Latimer Corby [34]

John Chandos [44]

Blois

Charles "Saint" Châtillon Duke Brittany [45] killed

Bertrand Geusclin [44] surrendered

Apr 28 1376 City of London: Good Parliament

a 28 Apr 1376 William 4th Baron Latimer Corby [46] impeached (the earliest impeachment in England)