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England

Angevins

Edward III

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England

Angevins

Edward III

01 Sep 1327 Westminster Abbey: Coronation of Edward III

Edward III King England [15] crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

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England

Angevins

Edward III

24 Jan 1328 York Minster: Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Edward III King England [16] married Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

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England

Angevins

Edward III

19 Oct 1330 Nottingham Castle: Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer

Some of Edward III's closest friends entered Nottingham Castle through secret tunnels, the bolted gate being opened from the inside by Edward, surprising Roger Mortimer and Isabella. Mortimer was arrested, despite the pleas of Isabella to show him mercy.

Edward III King England [18] arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March

Isabella Capet Queen Consort England [35] present

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March [43] captured

William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury [29] present

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [20] assisted

John Neville of Hornby [31] present

William Eland present

Geoffrey Mortimer [21] arrested

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Dupplin Moor

Balliol

Edward I King Scotland [49]

David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl [23]

Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford [31]

Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny [22]

Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred [40]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Dupplin Moor

Bruce

Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar [39] killed

Robert Bruce killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

16 Dec 1332 Battle of Annan

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Annan

Bruce

Robert II King Scotland [16]

John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray

Archibald Douglas [34]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Annan

Balliol

Edward I King Scotland [49]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

25 Mar 1333 Battle of Durnock

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Durnock

England

Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland [43] commanded

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Durnock

Scotland

William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl [33] captured

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

19 Jul 1333 Berwick on Tweed: Battle of Halidon Hill

The Scottish were required to either give battle or surrender Berwick under the terms of the truce that had been agreed 28 June. Edward III King England took the high ground, literally, two miles north west of Berwick and waited for the Scots to attack him. The ground favoured the English. The Scottish schiltrons were unable to move in the marshy ground making them easy targets for the English archers. The English won an overwhelming victory.

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Halidon Hill

England

Edward III King England [21]

Henry de Beaumont Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan [53]

Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon [30]

Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon [57]

Thomas of Brotherton Plantagenet 1st Earl Norfolk [33] commanded the right wing

John Sully [50]

Robert Pierrepoint

John Neville [34] died

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Halidon Hill

Scotland

David II King Scotland [9]

Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland killed

Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross [36] killed

Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox killed

William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl killed

Archibald Douglas [35] died

John Stewart of Daldon killed

James Stewart of Pierston [57] killed

John Stewart killed

Alan Stewart of Dreghorn killed

Alexander Bruce killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

30 Nov 1335 Battle of Culblean

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Culblean

Bruce

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Second War of Scottish Independence

Battle of Culblean

Balliol

David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl [26] killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

24 Jun 1340 Battle of Sluys

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Sluys

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [30]

Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford [39]

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [30]

Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer [39] died from wounds

Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny [30]

John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle of Rougemont [22]

William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby [10]

Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham [28]

John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick [24]

Richard Pembridge [20]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Sluys

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

1342 Siege of Vannes

1342 Edward Despencer [32] killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

30 Sep 1342 Battle of Morlaix

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Morlaix

England

John Vere 7th Earl Oxford [30]

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [32] commanded

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Morlaix

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Aug 1345 Battle of Bergerac

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Bergerac

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [35] commanded

Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny [35]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Bergerac

France

Henri Montigny captured

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

c Sep 1342 Hospital Chapel: Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

a 22 Sep 1345 Edward III King England [33] attended

a 22 Sep 1345 Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England [31] attended

a 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster [64] buried

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

21 Oct 1345 Battle of Auberoche

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Auberoche

England

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [35]

Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny [35]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Auberoche

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

17 Oct 1346 Durham: Battle of Neville's Cross

The Scottish, under the terms of the Auld Alliance, were required to invade England who had invaded France. After a stalemate the English longbowmen drew the numerically superior Scottish force to battle which quickly became a rout. A significant number of the Scottish nobility lost their lives. Neville’s Cross was to Scotland what Crecy, two months earlier, had been to the French. The Scottish King David II was captured and held by Edward III for eleven years. The future Scottish King Robert II fled the field.

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Neville's Cross

England

William Zouche Archbishop York

John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray [36]

Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy [47]

Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby [55]

Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham [34]

William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt [45] commanded

Ralph Hastings [55]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Neville's Cross

Scotland

David II King Scotland [22] captured

John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray killed

William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl [46] captured

Neil Bruce of Carrick killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

12 Jul 1346 La Hogue: English Landing at Le Hogue

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

26 Jul 1346 Battle of Caen

1346 Otho Holland [30]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

26 Aug 1346 Battle of Crecy

At which a numerically superior French army was destroyed by the advent of massed English longbowmen. The longbow wasn’t a new weapon but its use in massed ranks was a relatively recent invention first that had demonstrated its effectively at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298 and the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.

Edward III had ordered arrows in the hundreds of thousands prior to his campaign in France. Horses rather than men were the initial casualty with archers finishing off knights once their mount was incapacitated by their armour and the muddy terrain. In addition, the English army deployed early cannon.

The French army were betrayed by their Genoese mercenary crossbowmen who fled the field in the absence of their pavise and, perhaps more importantly, by their indiscipline which resulted in repeated, unsuccessful, charges.

The immediate impact was the loss of a swathe of the French nobility, the longer term impact was the inability of the French to protect Calais which fell a year later and remained in English hands for two hundred years. Crecy, of course, the battle at which the seventeen year old eldest son of Edward III, the Prince of Wales, known as the “Black Prince”, won his spurs as well as the battle at which John, the Blind King of Bohemia, aged 65, charged to his death and whose motto “Ich Dien” and whose arms of three feathers were subsequently adopted by the Prince of Wales. Sadly the latter story is not, apparently, true.

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Crecy

England

Edward III King England [34] commanded

Gerard 1st Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire [42]

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [16]

Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon [43] fought?

John Vere 7th Earl Oxford [34]

Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk [48]

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [36] commanded

Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [33] commanded

Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy [25]

John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby [43]

Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings [28]

Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh [27]

Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu

John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle of Rougemont [28]

William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby [16] present

Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton [19]

Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers of Chartley [37]

John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth [66]

Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham of Sternborough in Kent [51]

Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh [17]

Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier

John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick [30] carried the Royal Standard

John Sully [63]

Richard Pembridge [26]

John Chandos [26]

Enion Sais Brecon

John Devereux [44]

Walter Devereux [37]

John Wingfield [26]

Thomas West [34]

Nicholas Longford [58]

Stephen Scrope [21]

William Scrope [21]

James Audley [28]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Crecy

France

John I King Bohemia [50] killed

Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine [26] killed

Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders [42] died

Louis Châtillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon killed

Charles Valois Count Alençon [49] died

Enguerrand Guines [33] killed

William Guines [33] killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

1346 Siege of Calais

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [36]

1346 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [33] commanded

John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle of Rougemont [28]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Siege of Calais

England

William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke [25] present

1346 Richard Vache

Ralph Ferrers [17] present

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Siege of Calais

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

09 Apr 1347 Tournament at Lichfield

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [17] attended

John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle of Rougemont [29]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

20 Jun 1347 Battle of La Roche-Derrien

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of La Roche-Derrien

Montfort

Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth [71]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of La Roche-Derrien

Blois

Charles "Saint" Châtillon Duke Brittany [28] captured by Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

1348 Black Death

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

29 Aug 1350 Battle of Winchelsea

James Audley [32]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Winchelsea

England

Edward III King England [38]

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [20]

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [40]

Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham [38]

John Sully [67]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Winchelsea

Castile

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

13 Jan 1356 Battle of Bordeaux

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Bordeaux

England

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [26]

Ralph Basset 3rd Baron Basset Drayton [21]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Bordeaux

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

20 Jan 1356 Edward Balliol surrenders his claim to be King Scotland

Edward I King Scotland [73] surrended his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England

William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby [26] present

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

19 Sep 1356 Battle of Poitiers

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Poitiers

England

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [26] commanded

Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon [53] protected the baggage train

John Vere 7th Earl Oxford [44]

William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk [18]

Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk [58]

William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury [28]

Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [43] commanded

Jean Grailly III Captal de Buch [25]

John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby [33]

Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh [37]

Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer [21]

Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham of Sternborough in Kent [61]

Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh [27]

John Sully [73]

Richard Pembridge [36]

John Chandos [36]

Enion Sais Brecon

Thomas Arderne [19]

William Scrope [31]

Ralph Ferrers [27] present

James Audley [38]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Poitiers

France and Scotland

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Poitiers

Battle of Poitiers: France and Scotland

France

John "The Good" II King France [37] captured

Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon [45] died

Philip "Bold" Valois-burgundy II Duke Burgundy [14] captured

Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon

John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu [35] wounded and captured

Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche [12] captured

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

Battle of Poitiers

Battle of Poitiers: France and Scotland

Scotland

William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas [33]

Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas [26] captured

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

15 Dec 1357 34th Parliament Edward III

At which the Treat of Brétigny was negotiated.

Gerard 1st Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire [53] created 1st Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire (3C 1357)

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

a 10 Jul 1359 St Andrew's Church: Funeral of William Greystoke

Gilbert Welton Bishop Carlisle conducted

Thomas Musgrave 1st Baron Musgrave [57] attended

Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham [47] attended

Roger Clifford 5th Baron Clifford [26] attended

a 10 Jul 1539 William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke [218] buried

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

13 Apr 1360 Chartres: Black Monday Hailstorm

A freak weather event that occurred on Easter Monday at the commencement of the Siege of Chartres. Around one thousand of Edward's III soldiers and around six thousand horses were killed during a hailstorm. Believing it to be an Act of God Edward thereafter ceased hostilities and pursued the Treaty of Brétigny.

Edward III King England [48] present

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [30] present

Henry of Grosmont Plantagenet 1st Duke Lancaster [50] present

William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton [50] present

Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick [47] present

Walter Mauny present

Guy Beauchamp killed

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War Edwardian Phase

24 Oct 1360 Treaty of Brétigny

Charles V King France [22] signed

Edward III King England [48] signed

Philip "Bold" Valois-burgundy II Duke Burgundy [18] ransomed

John Valois 1st Duke Berry [20] given as hostage

Louis Valois-anjou I Duke Anjou [21] given as hostage

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Breton War of Succession

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War: Breton War of Succession

29 Sep 1364 Battle of Auray

Miles Stapleton of Bedale [44] wounded

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War: Breton War of Succession

Battle of Auray

Montfort

John Montfort V Duke Brittany [25]

William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby [34]

John Chandos [44]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Hundred Years War: Breton War of Succession

Battle of Auray

Blois

Charles "Saint" Châtillon Duke Brittany [45] killed

Bertrand Geusclin [44] surrendered

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Castillian Civil War

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Castillian Civil War

03 Apr 1367 Castile: Battle of Nájera

Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales [37]

John of Gaunt Lancaster 1st Duke Lancaster [27]

John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers of Chartley [36] died

Peter Courtenay [21]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Castillian Civil War

Battle of Nájera

Peter of Castille

John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux [30]

Thomas Banastre [33]

William Scrope [42]

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Castillian Civil War

Battle of Nájera

Henry of Trastámara

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England

Angevins

Edward III

21 Mar 1373 Chizé: Battle of Chiset

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Battle of Chiset

France

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Battle of Chiset

England

John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux [36] captured

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England

Angevins

Edward III

Apr 28 1376 City of London: Good Parliament

a 28 Apr 1376 William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby [46] impeached (the earliest impeachment in England)