First War of Scottish Independence

1295 Siege of Berwick

1296 Richard Plantagenet [44] killed

27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar

Scotland

John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland [47]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [30]

03 Sep 1650 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll [21]

11 Sep 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge

William "Hardy" 2nd Lord Douglas [57]

Jul 1300 Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

Hugh 9th Earl Devon [24] present

Robert 1st Baron Clifford [26]

John 2nd Baron Mohun

b 09 Mar 1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

A letter written, never sent, to the Pope, repudiating the Pope's claim to have feudal overlordship of Scotland, defending the rights of King Edward I. Two copies survive with seals intact forming the earliest contemporary group of true armorial bearings ; the start of heraldry. Armorial bearing rather than coat of arms which is the garment on which the armorial bearing is embroidered.

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [26] sealed

Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel [35] sealed

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex [25] sealed

Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk [56] sealed

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick [29] sealed

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey [70] sealed

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln [23] sealed

Ralph 1st Baron Monthermer [31] sealed

Robert 1st Baron Clifford [27] sealed

May 1303 Ambush at Melrose Abbey

John "Red Comyn" 3rd Lord Baddenoch [34] attacked

Thomas of Heaton Grey [23] wounded and captured

1304 Siege of Stirling Castle

Thomas of Heaton Grey [24] under Henry de Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan

10 Feb 1305 Greyfriars Monastery Chapel: Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [31] present

John "Red Comyn" 3rd Lord Baddenoch [36] murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

19 Jun 1306 Battle of Methven

England

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [31]

Scotland

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [32]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [40] captured

07 Jul 1307 Burgh by Sands: Death of Edward I

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [68] died