19 Aug 1274 Westminster Abbey: Coronation Edward I

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [35] crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Welsh Wars

1277 Treaty of Aberconwy

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [38] signed

Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw [44] signed

1277 Owain "The Red" Aberffraw [44] released at Dolbadarn Castle

17 Jun 1282 Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

After Gilbert de Clare's sacking of Carreg Cennon Castle the Welsh ambushed him on the way to Dinefwr Castle resulting in a resounding victory for the Welsh.


Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 6th Earl Hertford, 7th Earl Gloucester [39] commanded

William "The Younger" Valence killed

12 Nov 1282 Menai Straits: Battle of Moel-y-don



Roger Clifford [39] drowned

William Burnell killed

Philip Burnell killed

11 Dec 1282 Builth Wells: Battle of Orewin Bridge

At which the English decisively defeated the Welsh effectively ending the independence of Wales.


John 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield [50]


Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw [49] killed

1295 Battle of Maes Moydog

William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick [58]

First War of Scottish Independence

Mar 1295 Berwick on Tweed: Siege of Berwick

The commencement of Edward's campaign against Scotland following the Scots raid on Carlisle.

Robert 1st Baron Clifford [21]

William "Hardy" 2nd Lord Douglas [55] commanded the garrison

Richard Cornwall [43] killed

27 Apr 1296 Battle of Dunbar


John "Empty Coat" I King Scotland [47]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [30]

Simon Fraser captured

11 Sep 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge

William "Hardy" 2nd Lord Douglas [57]

1298 York: Parliament

Simon 1st Baron Montagu [48] attended

Jul 1300 Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

A short siege at the commencement of Edward I's campaign against the Scots. Made famous perhaps as a result of the Caerlaverock Roll that documented Edward's arm and their deeds.


Jul 1300 Hugh 9th Earl Devon [24] present at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Simon 1st Baron Montagu [50] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 John 1st Baron Mohun Dunster [31] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Robert 1st Baron Clifford [26] at Caerlaverock

Jul 1300 Simon Fraser at Caerlaverock

b 09 Mar 1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

A letter written, never sent, to the Pope, repudiating the Pope's claim to have feudal overlordship of Scotland, defending the rights of King Edward I. Two copies survive with seals intact forming the earliest contemporary group of true armorial bearings; the start of heraldry. Armorial bearing rather than coat of arms which is the garment on which the armorial bearing is embroidered.

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [26] sealed

Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel [35] sealed

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey [70] sealed

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln [23] sealed

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex [25] sealed

Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk [56] sealed

Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick [29] sealed

Ralph 1st Baron Monthermer [31] sealed

John 1st Baron Moels [32] signed

Robert 1st Baron Clifford [27] sealed

24 Feb 1303 Battle of Roslin

11 Jul 1302 Belgium: Battle of the Golden Spurs


Godfrey Reginar killed at Kortrijk

Kortrijk: France

Robert II Count Artois [52] killed

Raoul Nesle killed

Raoul Clermont [57] killed

24 Feb 1303 Scotland

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [34]

Simon Fraser


John 2nd Baron Segrave [47] captured and subsequently rescued

May 1303 Ambush at Melrose Abbey

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [34] attacked

Thomas Grey [23] wounded and captured

Feb 1304 Battle of Happrew


William Wallace

Simon Fraser

1304 Siege of Stirling Castle

Thomas Grey [24] under Henry de Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan

10 Feb 1305 Greyfriars Monastery Chapel: Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [31] present

John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch [36] murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Christopher Seton [27] present

28 Feb 1305 Westminster Palace: Parliament

John 1st Baron Moels [36] arrested William 2nd Baron Montagu

26 Mar 1306 Scone Abbey: Coronation of Robert the Bruce

Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [32] crowned I King Scotland: Bruce

Christopher Seton [28] present

19 Jun 1306 Battle of Methven

Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke was safely behind the walls of Perth when attacked by the recently crowned Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland. Refusing the challenge Bruce retired to Methven. Early the next day, before dawn, Valence attacked Bruce's camp killing most of Bruce's army. Bruce escaped with a few followers to the safety of the Highlands.


Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke [31]

Robert Pierrepoint


Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland [32]

John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl [40] captured

Simon Fraser escaped

07 Jul 1307 Burgh by Sands: Death of Edward I

Edward "Longshanks" I King England [68] died