1640-1649-Civil War and Regicide
20 Feb 1640 Short Parliament
In 1640 Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (40) was elected as MP Bath during the Short Parliament
Nov 1640 Long Parliament
23 Sep 1642 Battle of Powick Bridge (Powick Bridge, Worcester, Worcestershire)
Sep 1642 Siege of Portsmouth (Portsmouth, Hampshire)
23 Oct 1642 Battle of Edge Hill (Edge Hill, Warwickshire)
On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.
On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49), and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21), Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36), Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32), Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22), Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41), Thomas Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55). George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51). Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.
19 Mar 1643 Battle of Hopton Heath (Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire)
On 19 Mar 1643 William Compton 1625-1663 (18) and James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) fought for the Royalist army at Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire. Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) were killed
03 Apr 1643 Battle of Camp Hill (Camp Hill, Birmingham, Warwickshire)
16 May 1643 Battle of Stratton (Stratton, Cornwall)
On 16 May 1643 Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford 1599-1673 (44) fought for the Parliamentary army at Stratton, Cornwall
05 May 1643 Battle of Lansdowne (Lansdown Hill, Bath, Somerset)
13 Jul 1643 Battle of Roundway Down (Roundway Down, Devizes, Wiltshire)
On 13 Jul 1643 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (22) fought at Roundway Down, Devizes, Wiltshire
28 Jul 1643 Battle of Gainsborough (Gainsborough, Lincolnshire)
07 Aug 1643 Battle of Portlester (Ballivor, County Meath)
On 07 Aug 1643 Charles Moore 2nd Viscount Moore 1603-1643 (40) killed at Ballivor, County Meath
20 Sep 1643 First Battle of Newbury (Newbury, Berkshire)
On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33), Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.
29 Mar 1644 Battle of Cheriton
On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart 1621-1644 (22) killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists.
22 Jun 1644 Battle of Oswestry (Oswestry, Shropshire)
02 Jul 1644 Battle of Marston Moor (Marston Moor, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland)
On 02 Jul 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661 (56) fought at for the Royal army. Lionel Carey 1622-1644 (22) was killed. John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (18)
21 Jul 1644 Baptism of Henrietta Maria (Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon)
27 Oct 1644 Second Battle of Newbury (Speen, Newbury, Berkshire)
On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen, Newbury, Berkshire. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 (27) killed.
Jan 1645 Treaty of Uxbridge (Uxbridge, Middlesex)
14 Jun 1645 Battle of Naseby (Naseby, Northamptonshire)
On 26 Sep 1645 Bernard Stewart -1645 killed during the Battle of Naseby fighting for the Royalist army.
26 Sep 1645 Battle of Rowton Heath
10 Nov 1647 Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace (Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey)
On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace
05 Jul 1648 Battle of Willoughby Field (Willoughby on the Wolds, Nottinghamshire)
10 Jul 1648 Battle of St Neots (St Neots, Huntingdonshire)
On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared at St Neots, Huntingdonshire during the Battle of St Neots.
17 Aug 1648 Battle of Preston (Walton-en-le-Dale, Preston, Lancashire)
06 Dec 1648 Rump Parliament
On 06 Dec 1648 Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712 (22) resigned as Lord Protector during the Rump Parliament
06 Dec 1648 Pride's Purge
On 06 Dec 1648 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (28) and Ambrose Browne -1661 were excluded from Parliament. during the Pride's Purge
20 Jan 1649 Trial of Charles I (Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster)
In 1649 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48)
30 Jan 1649 Execution of Charles I (Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster)
On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster