1330-1339-Edward III and Scottish Independence

19 Mar 1330 Execution of Edmund of Woodstock (Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire)

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17)

19 Oct 1330 Edward III arrests Roger Mortimer (Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire)

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335 (30), William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (20), William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (29), friends of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire through tunnels, met with Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17), and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) and his son Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 (21) in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (35)

29 Nov 1330 Execution of Roger Mortimer (Tyburn, Middlesex)

On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) was hanged naked at Tyburn, Middlesex

Second War of Scottish Independence

12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor (Dupplin Moor, Perth)

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49), supported by the English. The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- (39). The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (23), Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (30), Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 (40) and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (22). The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.

16 Dec 1332 Battle of Annan Moor

On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49), supported by the English. The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (34), supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (26) and Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 (16) surprised Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) and his supporters at Annan

25 Mar 1333 Battle of Dornock

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (50), supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 (43). The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (33)

19 Jul 1333 Battle of Halidon Hill (Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland)

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland. English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33), who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56), Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30), Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (53) and John Sully 1283-1388 (50). One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 (34) who was killed. The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9). Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, John Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333 (57), John Stewart -1333, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35), Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 who were all killed.

30 Nov 1335 Battle of Culblean

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (26) was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean. Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (52).