1200-1229-Magna Carta

1202 Battle of Mirebeau

On 01 Aug 1202 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35) defeated the army of his nephew Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15) and Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249 (19) which was besieging John's mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (80) at Mirebeau Castle, Mirebeau. John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35) took Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15)'s army by surprise capturing most. Arthur Plantagenet 3rd Duke Brittany 1187-1203 (15) and, probably, his sister Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (18), both of whom arguably had better claims to the throne than John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (35)

01 Apr 1204 Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine (Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon)

On 01 Apr 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (82) died Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon

30 May 1213 Battle of Damme

On 30 May 1213 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (37) accidentally encountered a large French fleet. The French crews were mostly ashore. The English captured around 300 ships at anchor, burning a further 100 ships.

27 Jul 1214 Battle of Bouvines (Bouvines, Flanders)

On 27 Jul 1214 The last battle of the Anglo-French War of 1213-1214. Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 (48)'s army defeated the combined forces of England, Flanders and the Holy Roman Empire. Thomas St Valery fought at Bouvines, Flanders during the Battle of Bouvines

15 Jun 1215 Magna Carta (Runnymede, Windsor, Berkshire)

On 15 Jun 1215 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (48) met with his Baron's at Runnymede, Windsor, Berkshire where he agreed to the terms of the Magna Carta which attempted to reduce the King's authority through political reform. Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk 1144-1221 (71), his son Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk 1182-1225 (33), Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford 1176-1220 (39), Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford 1153-1217 (62), his son Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford 1180-1230 (35), William "The Younger" Marshal 2nd Earl Pembroke 1190-1231 (25), William Mowbray 6th Baron Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray 1173-1224 (42), Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester 1170-1219 (45), Robert Ros 1172-1226 (43), Richard Percy 5th Baron Percy Topcliffe 1170-1244 (45), Robert Vere 3rd Earl Oxford 1165-1221 (50), Eustace Vesci 1169- (46), John Fitzrobert Baron Warkworth 1190-1241 (25), John Lacy 8th Baron Bowland, 8th Baron Halton, 7th Baron Lacy 1192-1240 (23), William Dalbini -1236, Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (24), Robert Fitzwalter -1235, William Forz 3rd Earl Albermarle aka Aumale -1242, William Hardell Lord Mayor, William Huntingfield -1291, William Llanvallei -1217, William Malet 1st Baron Curry Mallet 1174-1215, Roger Montbegon -1226, Richard Montfichet -1267, Geoffrey Saye 1155-1230 (60) signed as surety the Magna Carta. Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (45) witnessed.

19 Oct 1216 Death of King John (Newark Castle, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire)

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle, Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire during the Death of King John. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present. On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1146-1219 (70).

28 Oct 1216 Gloucester Coronation of Henry III (Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire)

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King. The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury presided.

First Baron's War

Before 20 May 1217 Siege of Mountsorrel Castle (Mountsorrel Castle, Mountsorrel, Loughborough, Lincolnshire)

In 1207 William Cantilupe Baron 1159-1239 (48) was present at the Siege of Mountsorrel Castle

20 May 1217 Second Battle of Lincoln (Lincoln, Lincolnshire)

In 1207 William Cantilupe Baron 1159-1239 (48) was present at the Second Battle of Lincoln

On 20 May 1217 William Marshal 1146-1219 (71) and Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (47) fought at Lincoln, Lincolnshire during the Second Battle of Lincoln. Rebels William Mowbray 6th Baron Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray 1173-1224 (44) and William Ros 1200-1265 (17) were captured. William Dalbini -1236 fought for the rebels. Thomas Chateaudun I Count Perche 1195-1217 (22) died fighting for the rebels.

On 24 Aug 1217 Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47) commanded the King's forces at Sandwich, Kent during the Battle of Sandwich aka Dover. French re-enforcements had left Calais to join with the future Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s forces who were in short supply following the Second Battle of Lincoln. Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47)'s men routed the French ships. The battle marked the end of Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s invasion with the Treaty of Kingston aka Lambeth being signed shortly afterwards.

24 Aug 1217 Battle of Sandwich aka Dover (Sandwich, Kent)

On 24 Aug 1217 Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47) commanded the King's forces at Sandwich, Kent during the Battle of Sandwich aka Dover. French re-enforcements had left Calais to join with the future Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s forces who were in short supply following the Second Battle of Lincoln. Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47)'s men routed the French ships. The battle marked the end of Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s invasion with the Treaty of Kingston aka Lambeth being signed shortly afterwards.

Sep 1217 Treaty of Kingston aka Lambeth

On 24 Aug 1217 Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47) commanded the King's forces at Sandwich, Kent during the Battle of Sandwich aka Dover. French re-enforcements had left Calais to join with the future Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s forces who were in short supply following the Second Battle of Lincoln. Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (47)'s men routed the French ships. The battle marked the end of Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29)'s invasion with the Treaty of Kingston aka Lambeth being signed shortly afterwards.

In Sep 1217 Treaty of Kingston aka Lambeth was agreed by Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (29) in which he renounced his claim to the English throne, gave an amnesty to English rebels and acknowledged the Channel Islands as being part of the Kingdom of England.

17 May 1220 Westminster Coronation of Henry III (Westminster Abbey, Westminster)

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury presided.