500-699 Britons and Anglo-Saxons

Battle of Beran Burg

In 556 Cynric King Wessex and Ceawlin King Wessex -592 defeated the Britons at Barbury Castle, Wroughton, Wiltshire during the Battle of Beran Burg. Barbury Castle, Wroughton, Wiltshire possibly of strategic importance since it is located on the Ridgeway with extensive views over the Thames valley.

Battle of Wibbandun

In 568 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and Cutha Wessex fought against Aethelberht King Kent 550-616 (18) at the Battle of Wibbandun and drove him into Kent. The location of the battle is unknown.

Battle of Dyrham

In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and his son Cuthwine King Wessex 565- (12) won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill, Dyrham, Gloucestershire. The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Cirencester, Gloucestershire and Bath, Somerset.

In 577 Coinmail Briton -577, Condidan Briton -577 and Farinmail Briton -577 were killed during the at Battle of Dyrham at Dyrham, Gloucestershire.

Battle of Fethan Leag

In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and his son Cutha Wessex defeated the Britons at the Battle of Fethan Leag which was probably fought at Stoke Lyne, Oxfordshire.

First Battle of Woden's Barrow

In 584 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 was defeated, probably by the Britons, possibly by Ceol King Wessex at the First Battle of Woden's Barrow which fought at Adam's Grave, Pewsey, Wiltshire.

Pope Gregory's First Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

Before 604 Paulinius Italy Archbishop Canterbury -644 arrived during the Pope Gregory's Second Mission to Christianise the Anglo-Saxons

Battle of the River Idle

In 616 Aethelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira 579-616 (36) and RAegenhere Wuffingas -616 were killed during the Battle of the River Idle.

In 616 Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira, King Northumbria 586- (30) succeeded as King Northumbria following the Battle of the River Idle.

In 616 Raedwald King East Anglia 570-624 (46) and his son RAegenhere Wuffingas -616 fought at the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle, Markham Moor, Retford, Nottinghamshire which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

Battle of Hatfield Chase

On 12 Oct 633 Eadfrith Deira was captured during the Battle of Hatfield Chase.

On 12 Oct 633 Penda King Mercia -655's alliance of Gwynedd and Mercia defeated the Northumbrians at the Battle of Hatfield Chase at Hatfield Chase, Essex.

Battle of Heavenfield

In 634 Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland around six miles north of Hexham, Northumberland. St Oswald's Church, Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) raised his standard. The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.

Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed at the Battle of Heavenfield.

Battle of Maserfield

In 634 Osric King Deira -634 killed at Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland during the Battle of Maserfield.

In 641 Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded as King Bernicia following the Battle of Maserfield. Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia.

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642) Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) killed during the Battle of Maserfield. His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles.

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield. The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry, Shropshire. Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.

On 05 Aug 642 Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded as King Deira following the Battle of Maserfield.

On 05 Aug 642 Eowa King Mercia -642 killed (probably) at the Battle of Maserfield.

Battle of Strath Ethairt

In 654 Taloran King Picts 615-657 (38) defeated the army of Dál Riata at the Battle of Strath Ethairt.

In 654 Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata -654 killed during the Battle of Strath Ethairt the location of which appears not to be known.

Battle of Bulcamp

In 654 Penda King Mercia -655 defeated the East Anglian army at the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp, Blythburgh, Suffolk.

In 654 Anna King East Anglia -654 and his son Jurmin Wuffingas -654 were killed during the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp, Blythburgh, Suffolk.

Battle of the Winwaed

On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwald King Deira 642- (13) , an ally of Penda King Mercia -655, withdrew his forces at Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening Penda King Mercia -655's army.

On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.

On 15 Nov 655 Penda King Mercia -655 and Aethelhere King East Anglia -655 were killed at (probably) Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed.

On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwold King East Anglia -664 succeeded as King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed.

Battle of the Two Rivers

In 671 Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (26) and BeornhAeth Sub-King Northern Northumbria aka Lothian -685 defeated Drest VI King Picts -677 at the Battle of the Two Rivers bringing to and end the Pictish rebellion. The location of the battle is not known. Stephen of Ripon described the account in his account of the battle from Vita Sancti Wilfrithi: He slew an enormous number of the people, filling two rivers with corpses, so that, marvellous to relate, the slayers, passing over the rivers dry foot, pursued and slew a crowd of fugitives.'

Battle of the Trent

Around 679 Aethelred King Mercia -704 defeated at the Northumbrian army led by Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (34) at the Battle of the Trent at Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

In 1679 Aelfwine King Deira -1679 killed during the Battle of the Trent.

Battle of Dun Nechtain

On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts 627-693 (57) defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain. Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (40) killed at Dunnichen, Angus.