1640-1649-Civil War and Regicide

Short Parliament

In 1640 Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (40) was elected as MP Bath during the Short Parliament

In 1640 Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (27) was elected as MP Ilchester during the Short Parliament

In 1640 Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury 1612-1643 (27) was elected as MP Denbighshire during the Short Parliament

On Feb 1640 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (19) was elected as MP Shrewsbury during the Short Parliament

On 20 Feb 1640 Henry Berkeley 1579-1667 (61) was elected as MP Ilchester during the Short Parliament

On 20 Feb 1640 John Glanville 1586-1661 (54) was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons during the Short Parliament

On 20 Feb 1640 John Jennings -1642 was elected as MP St Albans during the Short Parliament

On Mar 1640 Sidney Godolphin 1610-1643 (30) was elected as MP Helston during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 was elected as MP Surrey during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 (41) was elected as MP Derbyshire during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 George Fane 1581- (59) was elected as MP Maidstone during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 (32) was elected as MP Malmesbury during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Thomas Jermyn 1573-1645 (67) was elected as MP Cambridge University during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Thomas Jermyn 1622-1659 (17) was elected as MP Corfe Castle during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (35) was elected as MP Corfe Castle during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 William Pierrepoint 1608-1678 (32) was elected as MP Shropshire during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Francis Pierrepoint -1659 was elected as MP East Retford during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Edward Rodney 1590-1657 (49) was elected as MP Wells during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Philip Sidney 3rd Earl Leicester 1619-1698 (21) was elected as MP Yarmouth Isle of Wight during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (54) was elected as MP Dorset during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (24) was elected as MP Weymouth and Melcombe Regis during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 (53) was elected as MP Lincolnshire during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Christopher Wray 1601-1646 (39) was elected as MP Grimsby during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Charles Cecil 1619-1660 (21) was elected as MP Hertford during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 William Glynne -1648 was elected as MP Caernarfonshire during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 John Glynne 1602-1666 (38) was elected as MP Westminster during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Simon Archer 1581-1662 (58) was elected as MP Tamworth during the Short Parliament

In Apr 1640 Robert Crane 1st Baronet Crane 1586-1643 (54) was elected MP Sudbury in the Short Parliament.

On Apr 1640 William Fitzwilliam 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam 1609-1658 (31) was elected as MP Peterborough during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (36) was elected as MP Stockbridge during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Henry Mildmay Master 1593-1668 (47) was elected as MP Maldon during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 Henry Poole 1592-1652 (48) was elected as MP Chichester during the Short Parliament

On Apr 1640 William Waller 1597-1668 (43) was elected as MP Andover during the Short Parliament

Long Parliament

In 1640 John Poulett 2nd Baron Poulett 1615-1665 (25) was elected as MP Somerset during the Long Parliament

In 1640 Simonds Ewes 1602-1650 (37) was elected as MP Sudbury during the Long Parliament

In 1640 Edward Phelips 1613-1680 (27) was elected as MP Ilchester during the Long Parliament

On Oct 1640 Sidney Godolphin 1610-1643 (30) was elected as MP Helston during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 was elected as MP Surrey during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Craven 1st Baron Craven 1610-1648 (30) was elected as MP Tewkesbury during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 (41) was elected as MP Derbyshire during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Francis Godolphin 1605-1667 (34) was elected as MP Hereford during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Anthony Hungerford 1608-1657 (32) was elected as MP Malmesbury during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Thomas Jermyn 1622-1659 (18) was elected as MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Henry Jermyn 1st Earl St Albans 1605-1684 (35) was elected as MP Bury St Edmunds during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (20) was elected as MP Shrewsbury during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 William Pierrepoint 1608-1678 (32) was elected as MP Great Wenlock during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Edward Rodney 1590-1657 (50) was elected as MP Wells during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Philip Sidney 3rd Earl Leicester 1619-1698 (21) was elected as MP Yarmouth Isle of Wight during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Melbury Sampford Strangeways 1585-1666 (55) was elected as MP Dorset during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (25) was elected as MP Bridport during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Humfrey Tufton 1st Baronet Tufton 1584-1659 (56) was elected as MP Maidstone during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Wray 2nd Baronet Glentworth 1586-1655 (53) was elected as MP Lincolnshire during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Christopher Wray 1601-1646 (39) was elected as MP Grimsby during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Charles Cecil 1619-1660 (21) was elected as MP Hertford during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Glynne 1602-1666 (38) was elected as MP Westminster during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet Carew 1609-1644 (31) was elected as MP Cornwall during the Long Parliament.

On Nov 1640 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (52) was elected as MP East Retford during the Long Parliament

In Nov 1640 Robert Crane 1st Baronet Crane 1586-1643 (54) was elected MP Sudbury in the Long Parliament holding the seat until his death in 1643.

In Nov 1640 Thomas Fanshawe 1607-1651 (33) was elected MP Lancaster in the Long Parliament.

On Nov 1640 William Fitzwilliam 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam 1609-1658 (31) was elected as MP Peterborough during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (36) was elected as MP Stockbridge during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 John Jennings -1642 was elected as MP St Albans during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (67) was accused of treason during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1640 Henry Mildmay Master 1593-1668 (47) was elected as MP Maldon during the Long Parliament

On Dec 1640 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (20) was elected as MP Woodstock during the Long Parliament

On 03 May 1642 William Waller 1597-1668 (45) was elected as MP Andover during the Long Parliament

On Nov 1642 Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (65) was elected as MP Newton during the Long Parliament

In 1645 Francis Pierrepoint -1659 was elected as MP Nottingtham during the Long Parliament

In 1645 Francis Bacon 1600-1663 (44) was elected MP Ipswich in the Long Parliament.

In May 1646 James Herbert 1623-1667 (23) was elected MP Wiltshire in the Long Parliament.

Battle of Liscarroll

In Jul 1642 David Barry 1st Earl Barrymore 1604-1642 (37) led a regiment at the Battle of Liscarroll.

Battle of Powick Bridge

On 23 Sep 1642 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) was wounded at Powick Bridge, Worcester, Worcestershire during the Battle of Powick Bridge

Siege of Portsmouth

In Sep 1642 William Waller 1597-1668 (45) concluded during the Siege of Portsmouth

Battle of Edge Hill

On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49) , and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) , Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36) , Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32) , Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22) , Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) , Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) , John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (43) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55) . George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51) . Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.

On 23 Oct 1642 Thomas Strickland 1621-1694 (20) was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill.

Battle of Hopton Heath

On 19 Mar 1643 William Compton 1625-1663 (18) and James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) fought for the Royalist army at Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire. Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) were killed.

Battle of Camp Hill

On 03 Apr 1643 William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (56) was wounded at Camp Hill, Birmingham, Warwickshire.

Battle of Stratton

On 16 May 1643 Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford 1599-1673 (44) fought for the Parliamentary army at Stratton, Cornwall.

Battle of Lansdowne

On 05 May 1643 Edward Leke -1643 killed at Lansdown Hill, Bath, Somerset during the Battle of Lansdowne

Battle of Roundway Down

On 13 Jul 1643 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (22) fought at Roundway Down, Devizes, Wiltshire.

Battle of Gainsborough

On 28 Jul 1643 Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 was captured by James Berry -1691 at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire.

Battle of Portlester

On 07 Aug 1643 Charles Moore 2nd Viscount Moore 1603-1643 (40) killed at Ballivor, County Meath.

First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33) , Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.

Battle of Cheriton

On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart 1621-1644 (22) killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists.

Battle of Oswestry

On 22 Jun 1644 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 (24) was captured during the Battle of Oswestry fighting for the Royalists.

Battle of Marston Moor

On 02 Jul 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661 (56) fought at for the Royal army. Lionel Carey 1622-1644 (22) was killed. John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (18) fought for the Parliamentary army.

Baptism of Henrietta Maria

On 21 Jul 1644 John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678 (42) attended at Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon during the Baptism of Henrietta Maria

On 21 Jul 1644 Henrietta Fitzjames Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 was baptised at Exeter Cathedral, Exeter, Devon during the Baptism of Henrietta Maria.

Second Battle of Newbury

On 27 Oct 1644 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (47) fought for the Royalist Army at the Second Battle of Newbury.

On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen, Newbury, Berkshire. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 (27) killed.

Treaty of Uxbridge

In 1645 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (39) was appointed as Commissioner at Uxbridge, Middlesex during the Treaty of Uxbridge

Siege of Scarborough Castle

In 1645 Henry Constable 1st Viscount Dunbar 1588-1645 (56) was killed at the Siege of Scarborough Castle.

Battle of Naseby

On 14 Jun 1645 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (24) fought at Naseby, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Naseby for the Royalist army.

On 26 Sep 1645 Bernard Stewart -1645 killed during the Battle of Naseby fighting for the Royalist army.

Battle of Rowton Heath

Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 John Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1602-1678 (45) helped at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

Battle of Willoughby Field

On 05 Jul 1648 Michael Stanhope 1624-1648 (24) killed at Willoughby on the Wolds, Nottinghamshire during the Battle of Willoughby Field

Battle of St Neots

On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared at St Neots, Huntingdonshire during the Battle of St Neots.

Battle of Preston

On 17 Aug 1648 John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (23) for the Royalist army at Walton-en-le-Dale, Preston, Lancashire during the Battle of Preston

Rump Parliament

On 06 Dec 1648 Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712 (22) resigned as Lord Protector during the Rump Parliament

Pride's Purge

On 06 Dec 1648 James Herbert 1623-1667 (25) was excluded from Parliament during Pride's Purge.

On 06 Dec 1648 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (28) and Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 were excluded from Parliament. during the Pride's Purge

Trial of Charles I

In 1649 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) .

Execution of Charles I

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.