1640-1649-Civil War and Regicide
In 1640 Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (40) was elected as MP Bath during the Short Parliament
On Nov 1640 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (52) was elected as MP East Retford during the Long Parliament
Battle of Liscarroll
In Jul 1642 David Barry 1st Earl Barrymore 1604-1642 (37) led a regiment at the Battle of Liscarroll.
Battle of Powick Bridge
Siege of Portsmouth
Battle of Edge Hill
On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.
On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49) , and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) , Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36) , Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32) , Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22) , Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) , Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) , John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (43) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55) . George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51) . Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.
Battle of Hopton Heath
On 19 Mar 1643 William Compton 1625-1663 (18) and James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) fought for the Royalist army at Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire. Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) were killed.
Battle of Camp Hill
Battle of Stratton
Battle of Lansdowne
Battle of Roundway Down
On 13 Jul 1643 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (22) fought at Roundway Down, Devizes, Wiltshire.
Battle of Gainsborough
Battle of Portlester
On 07 Aug 1643 Charles Moore 2nd Viscount Moore 1603-1643 (40) killed at Ballivor, County Meath.
First Battle of Newbury
On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33) , Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.
Battle of Cheriton
Battle of Oswestry
Battle of Marston Moor
On 02 Jul 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661 (56) fought at for the Royal army. Lionel Carey 1622-1644 (22) was killed. John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (18) fought for the Parliamentary army.
Baptism of Henrietta Maria
Second Battle of Newbury
On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen, Newbury, Berkshire. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 (27) killed.
Treaty of Uxbridge
Siege of Scarborough Castle
In 1645 Henry Constable 1st Viscount Dunbar 1588-1645 (56) was killed at the Siege of Scarborough Castle.
Battle of Naseby
Battle of Rowton Heath
Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace
On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace
Battle of Willoughby Field
Battle of St Neots
On 10 Jul 1648 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 (57) fought for the Royalist army, and surrendered, by his account, on condition his life would be spared at St Neots, Huntingdonshire during the Battle of St Neots.
Battle of Preston
On 06 Dec 1648 Richard Cromwell Lord Protector 1626-1712 (22) resigned as Lord Protector during the Rump Parliament
On 06 Dec 1648 Robert Pye 1620-1701 (28) and Ambrose Browne 1st Baronet Browne -1661 were excluded from Parliament. during the Pride's Purge
Trial of Charles I
In 1649 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) .
Execution of Charles I
On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.