1600-1619-Essex Rebellion, Gunpowder Plot

Essex Rebellion

On Feb 1601 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (27) was sentenced to death during the Essex Rebellion. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (67) on the advice of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (37) commuted the punishment to life imprisonment.

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House, Strand, Westminster. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised. When he returned to Essex House, Strand, Westminster he found the hostages gone. Essex House, Strand, Westminster was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65) . Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (27) surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months. He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator.

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Essex Rebellion

On 05 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) stood trial for high treason for their part in the Essex Rebellion; both were found guilty.

On 18 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) was beheaded for their part in the Essex Rebellion.

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey around three in the morning. Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragaon
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.

The Entertainment at Althorp

On 25 Jun 1603 the Ben Johnson Masque the The Entertainment at Althorp was performed at Althorp House, Daventry, Northamptonshire to welcome the new Royal Family on their journey from Edinburgh to London following the death of Queen Elizabeth. The performance was attended by Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland 1574-1619 (28) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (9) .

Coronation of James I

On 23 Jul 1603 James Calthorpe 1558-1615 (44) was knighted as part of the Coronation of James I at Whitehall Palace, Westminster.

On 23 Jul 1603 Thomas Gresham 1547-1630 (56) and George Fane 1581- (22) were knighted at Royal Gardens, Whitehall Palace, Westminster.

Around 25 Jul 1603 Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of James I.

On 25 Jul 1603 James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed as Lord High Steward.

On 25 Jul 1603 Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28) , Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.

On 25 Jul 1603 Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15) was created as Knight of the Bath at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet Wrey -1636 was knighted at Whitehall Palace, Westminster during the Coronation of James I.

Main and Bye Plot

In Jul 1603 the Main and Bye Plot led by Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (38) and Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) sought to replace James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) with Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28)

In Jul 1603 Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) was sentenced to death, attainted, and imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Main and Bye Plot which planned to kidnap James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (37) .

On 19 Jul 1603 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (49) arrested during the Main and Bye Plot

Treaty of London

Around 1604. John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68) , Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68) , Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41) , Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

_PAINTINGS/CRITZ/Somerset_House_Conference.jpg

Gunpowder Plot

On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) inherited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex. During his tenure Guy Fawkes was briefly employed as a footman and, as a consequence, Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) was briefly imprisoned for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot.

In Oct 1605 the Gunpowder Plot sought to blow up Parliament, with James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (39) and his MPs. The conspirators included Robert Catesby 1572-1605 (33) , Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (31) and Edward Stourton 10th Baron Stourton 1555-1633 (50) .

On 26 Oct 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle, 14th Baron Marshal, 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (30) received a letter warning of the Gunpowder Plot and showed it to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (42) who then showed it to the King at Hoxton, Hackney, Middlesex.

On 04 Nov 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle, 14th Baron Marshal, 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (30) searched the basement with Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44) and discovered the gunpowder and explosives at Westminster Palace, Westminster.

On 08 Nov 1605 Robert Catesby 1572-1605 (33) killed at Holbeche House, Kingswinford, Staffordshire.

On 30 Jan 1606 Everard Digby 1578-1606 (28) hanged, drawn and quartered at Old St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard, Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London

Masque of Beauty

Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

On 01 Jun 1610 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (16) was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (10C 1610). Peregrine Bertie 1584-1639 (26) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .

Creation of the First Baronets

On 22 May 1611 John St John 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1585-1648 (25) was created 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire (1611). Nicholas Bacon 1st Baronet Bacon 1540-1624 (71) was created 1st Baronet Bacon of Redgrave. Lionel Tollemache 1st Baronet Talmash 1562-1621 (48) was created 1st Baronet Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk.

Addled Parliament

In 1614 during the Addled Parliament Charles Thynne 1568-1652 (46) was elected as MP Lymington. John "Black Sir John" Egerton 1551-1614 (63) was elected as MP Lichfield. Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 (21) was elected as MP Dorset. Richard Edgecumbe 1570-1639 (44) was elected as MP Bodmin.

Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

On 04 Nov 1616 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (15) was appointed Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (43) carried the Purple Ermined Robe. James Wriothesley 1605-1624 (11) , brothers Robert Howard 1584-1653 (32) and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1601-1658 (15) and John Cavendish -1618 were appointed Knight of the Bath.