1580-1599-Desmond Rebellion, Babington Plot, Mary Queen of Scots, Spanish Armada

Second Desmond Rebellion

Battle of Glenmalure

On 25 Aug 1580 the Irish forces ambushed the forces of Arthur Grey 14th Baron Grey Wilton 1536-1593 (44) at the Battle of Glenmalure fought at Glenmalure, County Wicklow. Around 800 English soldiers, including, Peter Carew -1580 were killed.

Siege of Smerwick

On Nov 1580 Edward Denny 1547-1600 (33) led a company at Smerwick, County Kerry during the Siege of Smerwick

On Nov 1580 Arthur Grey 14th Baron Grey Wilton 1536-1593 (44) laid siege to the Smerwick garrison at Smerwick, County Kerry during the Siege of Smerwick

Babington Plot

On 06 Jul 1586 Anthony Babington 1561-1586 (24) wrote to Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (43) , telling her that he and a group of friends were planning to assassinate Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (52) .

After 06 Jul 1586 Christopher Wray 1524-1592 passed sentence of death on those implicated in the Babington Plot.

On 04 Aug 1586 John Ballard -1586 arrested and under torture he confessed and implicated Anthony Babington 1561-1586 (24) in the Babington Plot.

On 20 Sep 1586 Anthony Babington 1561-1586 (24) , John Ballard -1586, Henry Donn -1586, Thomas Salusbury 1564-1586 (22) and Chideock Tichbourne 1562-1586 (24) were hanged, drawn and quartered at St Giles' Field, Holborn, Greater London for their involvement in the Babington Plot.

On 21 Sep 1586 Robert Gage -1586 was executed for his involvement in the Babington Plot.

Battle of Zutphen

On 22 Sep 1586 at the Battle of Zutphen Philip Sidney 1554-1586 (31) was wounded. Robert Sidney 1st Earl Leicester 1563-1626 (22) fought

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

On 25 Oct 1584 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (41) was convicted and sentenced to death. Only Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 (28) offered any dissent against the judgement.

On 14 Oct 1586 Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton 1544-1589 (42) , Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (48) , Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 (28) , Christopher Wray 1524-1592 (62) , John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 (33) and Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 (30) sat in judgement at Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 14 Oct 1586 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (57) , George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (28) , Henry Clinton 2nd Earl Lincoln 1539-1616 (47) , Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (45) , Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (37) , Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby 1531-1593 (55) , Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick 1530-1590 (56) , George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (58) , Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (36) , William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (60) , William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520- (66) , Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (48) and Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (56) were present on the side of the Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 14 Oct 1586 John St John 2nd Baron St John Bletso -1596 was present on the left side of the Presence Chamber, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

On 08 Feb 1587 Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (44) was beheaded at Great Hall, Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire. George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59) , Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (13) witnessed.

Spanish Armada

On 26 Jul 1588 Roger Townshend 1544-1590 (44) was knighted during the Spanish Armada

Trial of Philip Earl of Arundel

In 1589 Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby 1531-1593 (57) was present during the Trial of Philip Earl of Arundel

On 18 Apr 1589 Philip Howard 20th Earl Arundel 1557-1595 (31) was tried for high treason. during the Trial of Philip Earl of Arundel

On 18 Apr 1589 Christopher Wray 1524-1592 (65) acted as judge during the Trial of Philip Earl of Arundel

Elizabeth I's visit to Cowdray House

Battle of Glenlivet

Battle of Glenlivet: Scottish Protestants

On 03 Oct 1594 Archibald Campbell 7th Earl Argyll 1575-1638 (19) commanded at Glenlivet during the Battle of Glenlivet: Scottish Protestants

Battle of Glenlivet: Scottish Catholics

Cadiz Expedition

Death of Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon

On 23 Jul 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (70) died at Somerset House, Strand, Westminster during the Death of Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon. Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (62) was present. She, apparently, proposed he be made Earl Wiltshire. He refused saying Madam, as you did not count me worthy of this honour in life, then I shall account myself not worthy of it in death.

Battle of Carrickfergus

On Nov 1597 John Chichester -1597 was beheaded by Randal "Arranach" Macdonnell 1st Earl Antrim -1636 at Carrickfergus, County Antrim during the Battle of Carrickfergus