1400-1414-Epiphany Rising, Homildon Hill and Shrewsbury

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) .

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey, Westminster including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47) , Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) , Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) , John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) , Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39) , John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49) , Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) , Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) . They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London. .

On 07 Jan 1400 at Cirencester, Gloucestershire Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (40) was beheaded by the townspeople following an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town. Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (26) and John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (50) were both captured, tried and beheaded. Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was captured. .

On 12 Jan 1400 Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (48) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Oxford, Oxfordshire by Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (45) .

On 13 Jan 1400 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) was beheaded at Bristol, Gloucestershire .

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey, Essex .

On 04 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was tried by Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (18) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 05 Feb 1400 Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (46) was beheaded at Tyburn, Middlesex .

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, probably murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) at Knighton, Radnorshire, Welsh March during the Battle of Bryn Glas. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) 's daughter.

On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (41) died at Bodenham, Herefordshire from wounds received during the Battle of Bryn Glas

Battle of Nesbit Moor

On 22 Jun 1402 George Dunbar 10th Earl March 1338-1420 (64) commanded a force of around 200 men from the Berwick garrison who defeated a Scottish army of around 400 men at Nisbet during the Battle of Nesbit Moor. Patrick "Younger" Hepburn -1402 was killed. John Cockburn, Thomas Haliburton, John Haliburton and Robert Lawedre -1425 were captured.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured at the Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill.

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill, Northumberland. The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English. John Swinton -1402 was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured. Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh. By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) .

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36) , with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) , defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55) , the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31) . Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36) .

On 21 Jul 1403, of the rebel side, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) , Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged, drawn and quartered ,Battle of Shrewsbury.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) had assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .

On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire .

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) arrived at York, Yorkshire . The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 (23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (28) sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) . William Gascoigne 1350-1419 (55) refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers. .

On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 (19) was beheaded before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire for having led the Northern Rising.

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 (34) and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (25) decisively defeated the Welsh army at Pwll Melyn, Usk, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales during the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk. Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (30) was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 (48) killed. The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle. The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (46) 's revolt.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby's force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion. Of the rebels Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (66) and Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf 1369-1408 (38) were killed. .

Siege of Harlech Castle

In 1408 Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (31) died at Harlech Castle, Harlech, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales during the Siege of Harlech Castle

Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) killed at Île-de-Bréhat, Brittany during the Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died at Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey, Westminster (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem). His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present .

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed as Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed as Lord High Constable .

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414) .

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414) .

Fire and Faggot Parliament

In May 1414 the Fire and Faggot Parliament at Greyfriars Priory, Leicester, Leicestershire. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (35) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons. It was named for the Suppression of Heresy Act which called for burning the Lollards with bundles of sticks known as faggots.