1340-1349-Crecy, Calais and Plague

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20) . Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds.

Siege of Vannes

In 1342 Edward Despencer 1310-1342 (32) killed during the Siege of Vannes

Battle of Morlaix

On 30 Sep 1342 the French army attacked the English besiegers of Morlaix, Brittany forcing the English to retreat to the nearby woods. William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (32) commanded, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (30) fought. .

Battle of Bergerac

Around 25 Aug 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) commanded the English forces at Bergerac, Dordogne during the Battle of Bergerac. The English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) won a decisive victory over the French with Henri Montigny captured.

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Hospital Chapel, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire at a ceremony attended by Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his wife Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 during the Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

Battle of Auberoche

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) at Auberoche, Perigueux during the Battle of Auberoche. The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

Battle of Caen

In 1346 Otho Holland 1316-1359 (30) fought during the Battle of Caen.

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) defeated the French army at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy. The English army was commanded by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (33) , his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30) .

On 26 Aug 1346 at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy the English army was included: James Audley 1318-1369 (28) , Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (17) , Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (51) , John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347 (66) , Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (37) , Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403 (19) , William Scrope 1325-1367 (21) , Stephen Scrope 1325- (21) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (16) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28) , Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (42) , Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (58) , Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (27) , Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings 1318-1369 (28) , Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (48) , John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (34) , Thomas West 1312-1386 (34) , John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349 (43) , John Wingfield 1320-1361 (26) , Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368 (25) , Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376 (37) , John Devereux 1302-1346 (44) , Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (26) , Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (63) .

On 26 Aug 1346 at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy the French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (53) was wounded. Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (49) , Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon -1346, Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders 1304-1346 (42) , William Guines 1313-1346 (33) and his son Enguerrand Guines 1313-1346 (33) , John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (50) and Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 (26) were killed.

Battle of Neville's Cross

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham, County Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England. The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34) , Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55) , Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55) , William Zouche Archbishop York -1352, Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (47) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35) . Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured. Neil Bruce -1346 and John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40) were killed.

Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (29) , Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay -1348) and Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (38) took part in the Tournament. .

Battle of La Roche-Derrien

On 20 Jun 1347 Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany 1319-1364 (28) was captured by Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth 1276-1352 (71) at La Roche-Derrien, France during the Battle of La Roche-Derrien

Capture of Calais

Black Death

In Jun 1348 the Black Death arrived in England. The first of many occurrences. It is estimated to have killed between 25 to 60 percent of the population of around six million. The outbreak lasted through 1349 recurring in 1362, 1369 and regularly thereafter until its last significant outbreak in The Great Plague of 1666.

On 11 Sep 1349 Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 (34) died of plague in Maubisson, Pontoise.

Ordinance of Labourers

In 1349 Parlament enacted the Ordinance of Labourers in response to the shortage of labour caused by the Black Death. The Ordinance introduced