1300-1309-Scottish Succession

Siege of Caerlaverock Castle

In Jul 1300 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (26) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (23) , Simon Fraser -1306, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (31) and Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (50) fought at Caerlaverock, Scotland during the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle.

Baron's Letter to the Pope

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304 .

Battle of Roslin

On 24 Feb 1303 at Roslin a Scottish force commanded by Simon Fraser -1306 and John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (34) ambushed the English army led by John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (47) who was captured and subsequently released. .

Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai

On 11 Jul 1302 the army of Flanders unexpectedly defeated the army of France at Kortrijk during the Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai. Robert Artois II Count Artois 1250-1302 (51) , Raoul Clermont 1245-1302 (57) , Raoul Nesle -1302 and Godfrey Reginar -1302 were killed.

Ambush at Melrose Abbey

In May 1303 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (34) ambushed the English army who were camped at Melrose Abbey, Melrose. Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (23) was captured. Most of his comrades were killed. .

Battle of Happrew

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (29) , William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (28) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (35) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (48) and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (29) attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser -1306 and William Wallace -1305 at Happrew, Peebles during the Battle of Happrew.

Siege of Stirling Castle

In Apr 1304 Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (24) fought under Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (24) at Stirling Castle, Stirling during the Siege of Stirling Castle

Capture of William Wallace

Execution of William Wallace

On 23 Aug 1305 William Wallace -1305 hanged, drawn and quartered at Elms, Smithfield, Faringdon Without, City of London . His head being displayed on London Bridge, Bridge, City of London.

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (27) . Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 (27) was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

Coronation of Robert the Bruce

On 26 Mar 1306 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (31) was crowned I King Scotland: Bruce at Scone Abbey, Scone during the Coronation of Robert the Bruce. Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (28) was present.

Battle of Methven

On 19 Jun 1306 the forces of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (31) including Robert Pierrepoint -1334 ambushed and routed the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (31) including Simon Fraser -1306, Christopher Seton 1278-1306 and John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (40) at Methven during the Battle of Methven. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (40) was captured as well as many others.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile. .

Return of Piers Gaveston

On 06 Aug 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) was appointed 1st Earl Cornwall (5C 1307) by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) to the shock of the nobility; Earl Cornwall usually reserved for the heir. The earldom gave Gaveston substantial landholdings over great parts of England, to the value of £4,000 a year. These possessions consisted of most of Cornwall, as well as parts of Devonshire in the south-west, land in Berkshire and Oxfordshire centred on the honour of Wallingford, most of the eastern part of Lincolnshire, and the honour of Knaresborough in Yorkshire, with the territories that belonged to it. .

Marriage of Piers Gaveston and Margaret de Clare

On 02 Nov 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) and Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were married, arranged by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) . Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 was a grand-daughter of Edward I through his daughter Joan and, as such, significantly higher than Gaveston in the nobility. .

Tournament at Wallingford

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) 's recent wedding. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (21) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (31) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (22) further increasing his unpopularity. .

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married at Boulogne-sur-Mer .Third Cousin Twice Removed, Half Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

Boulogne Agreement

On 31 Jan 1308 a group of England's leading nobles signed the Boulogne Agreement that attempted to curtail Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) 's rule. The signatories included Antony Bek, Bishop of Durham and Patriarch of Jerusalem, John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (21) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (33) , Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (57) and Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (36)

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned as Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Edward II and Isabella.



Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey 1280-1344 and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 attended.

de Clare and Bugh Double Marriage

On 29 Sep 1308 (possibly 30th) in a Double Marraige de Clare siblings married de Burgh siblings at Waltham Abbey, Waltham, Essex in the presence of Edward II King England 1284-1327 (24) . John Burgh 1286-1313 (22) and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun 1295-1360 (13) were married John Burgh 1286-1313 (22) and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun 1295-1360 (13) were married